Notas ao café…

A nova Al Qaeda

Posted in notas ao café by JN on Setembro 12, 2009

bagley_12092009_1
Pat Bagley, «Salt Lake Tribune»

Jarret Brachman, um especialista em contra-terrorismo, escreveu esta semana um artigo na Foreign Policy sobre o Sheikh Abu Yahya al-Libi, o novo rosto da Al Qaeda e sobre a transformação deste grupo:

[…] If you’re asking whether the United States has defeated al Qaeda, you also have to ask: Which al Qaeda are we talking about? The senior leaders operating somewhere in the tribal areas of Pakistan and Afghanistan? The al Qaeda franchises around the world, most notably in Iraq, Algeria, and Yemen? Or the global ideological following, sparked by al Qaeda, calling itself al Qaeda, but not technically affiliated with al Qaeda? If you ask about winning, you have to also ask whether winning means killing the organization or just handicapping it. Does it refer to destroying al Qaeda’s military capabilities, or to mitigating al Qaeda’s ability to win hearts and minds around the world?

As these questions suggest, over the last eight years al Qaeda has undergone a metamorphosis. It has transformed from a global terrorist group into a global terrorist movement, one with its own founding fathers, well-codified doctrine, substantial and accessible corpus of literature, and deep bench of young, bright, and ambitious commanders. Attacks still matter to them, but in an era of increased counterterrorism pressure, al Qaeda is beginning to realize that it is a lot more effective at being a movement, an ideology, even a worldview. It is starting to see that terrorism is only one of many tools in its arsenal and that changing minds matters more than changing policies.

In other words, the al Qaeda that we are fighting in 2009 is not the same al Qaeda that we went to war with in 2001. Unfortunately, however, our own mindset has remained mostly unchanged.

fares_12092009_1
Fares Garabet, (Síria)

O Sr. Brachman foi também alvo de atenção na blogosfera e nos media por ter colocado no seu blog as primeiras fotos do líder terrorista Khalid Sheikh Mohammed desde que foi preso e enviado para Guantánamo, onde foi torturado 183 vezes. As fotos foram tiradas pela Cruz Vermelha para a sua família e colocadas na Internet. O Sr. Brachman acredita que a divulgação das fotos é uma vitória para o KSM e a Al Qaeda — a anterior não era muito abonatória — já que lhes deu um novo símbolo:

[…] So, the jihadists get a hold of this image and have in their hands more than just a photo. They have a symbol. This is the man who dealt the single greatest blow to the ‘infidel’ and look, they might say, he’s not only still alive, but he looks more pious and happier than ever.

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Pavel Constantin, «Politicalcartoons.com»

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