Lehman Brothers, um ano depois
Bruce Beattie, «Daytona Beach News-Journal»
Escreve Eugene Robinson no Washington Post:
It’s been a year since the financial system collapsed like a botched souffle, and the sense of acute crisis has eased. The wizards of Wall Street are raring to get back to business as usual — and if we let them, we’ll have only ourselves to blame when the next meltdown comes.
[…] The “good news” is that, in total, “only” 200,000 or so American jobs are lost each month, compared with the more than 700,000 monthly job losses we were seeing earlier this year. Unemployment is at 9.7 percent and still rising, albeit more slowly, and may peak above 10 percent. The stock market rally is cold comfort to a worker who just got a pink slip. […]
And many economists think there’s another blow coming. The residential real estate market may be bottoming out, they say, but the air still has to be let out of commercial real estate. At this point, the temptation is to ask what difference another trillion-dollar problem would make. We’d feel it, and not in a good way.
Jim Morin, «The Miami Herald»
Um ano atrás, no dia 15 de Setembro de 2008, o centenário banco de investimentos Lehman Brothers entrou em colapso e tornou-se o maior caso de falência bancária nos EUA. Com ele arrastou o sistema financeiro mundial paralisando-o. Governos de quase todas as nações injectaram dinheiro no sistema financeiro, mas a crise aprofundou-se e expandiu-se, arrastando a indústria e o comércio com uma força que não era vista desde a Segunda Guerra Mundial (a Der Spiegel e a Reuters apresentam online um mapa interactivo dos acontecimentos chave).
Mike Keefe, «The Denver Post»
Com esta data em mente, o Presidente Obama faz um discurso na baixa nova-iorquina destinado aos senhores de Wall Street, sobre a necessidade de uma reforma fiscal na indústria financeira e um sistema de regulação mais eficaz que ele pediu ao Congresso para implementar, afirmando que há ainda muitos que não entenderam o que se passou:
[…] While full recovery of the financial system will take a great deal more time and work, the growing stability resulting from these interventions means we are beginning to return to normalcy. But what I want to emphasize is this: normalcy cannot lead to complacency.
Unfortunately, there are some in the financial industry who are misreading this moment. Instead of learning the lessons of Lehman and the crisis from which we are still recovering, they are choosing to ignore them. They do so not just at their own peril, but at our nation’s. So I want them to hear my words: We will not go back to the days of reckless behavior and unchecked excess at the heart of this crisis, where too many were motivated only by the appetite for quick kills and bloated bonuses. Those on Wall Street cannot resume taking risks without regard for consequences, and expect that next time, American taxpayers will be there to break their fall.
That’s why we need strong rules of the road to guard against the kind of systemic risks we have seen. And we have a responsibility to write and enforce these rules to protect consumers of financial products, taxpayers, and our economy as a whole. […]
Pat Bagley, «Salt Lake Tribune» & «Cagle cartoons»