O preço de um acordo
John Sherffius, «Boulder Daily Camera»
Elisabeth Rosenthal escreve no New York Times sobre o maior obstáculo que existe a um qualquer acordo que possa vir a ser obtido sobre o clima, em Copenhaga no final deste ano; mais difícil do que conseguir que os EUA e a China reduzam as suas emissões de CO2, será como pagar o acordo:
[…] The price tag for a new climate agreement will be a staggering $100 billion a year by 2020, many economists estimate; some put the cost at closer to $1 trillion. That money is needed to help fast-developing countries like India and Brazil convert to costly but cleaner technologies as they industrialize, as well as to assist the poorest countries in coping with the consequences of climate change, like droughts and rising seas.
This financing is an essential part of any international climate agreement, negotiators and scientists say, because developing nations must curb the growth of their emissions if the world is to limit rising temperatures. Based on calculations by the International Energy Agency for 2005 to 2030, 75 percent of the growth in energy demand will come from the developing world.
Many developing countries have made it clear that they will not sign a treaty unless they get money to help them adapt to a warmer planet. Acknowledging that a new treaty needs unanimity for success, industrialized nations like the United States and those in Europe have agreed in principle to make such payments; they have already been written into the agreed-upon structure of the treaty, to be signed in Copenhagen in December.
But to date there is no concrete strategy to raise such huge sums. There is not even agreement about which nations should pay or in what proportion.
Frederick Deligne, «Politicalcartoons.com»