Palestina sem rumo
Paresh Nath, «The Khaleej Times»
As autoridades da Palestina afirmaram este domingo que vão pedir ao Conselho de Segurança da ONU que reconheça o Estado da palestina Independente. Saeb Erekat afirmou à BBC que o pedido deve ser feito devido à falta de progressos nas negociações de paz com o governo israelita. A pretensão dos palestinianos é, no entanto, recusada por Israel; o governo israelita diz que as negociações de paz são o único caminho e que acções deste tipo são um entrave às mesmas.
A Palestina tem outros problemas; um deles é o anuncio de Mahmoud Abbas que não concorreria à reeleição por causa da falta de progresso nas negociações de paz com os israelitas. O Sr. Abbas que deve permanecer no cargo até a realização de eleições, deve agora decidir se aceita a recomendação de adiar estas mesmas eleições. Os motivos alegados são o anúncio feito pelo Hamas, grupo que controla a Faixa de Gaza, de que vai proibir a realização das eleições no território e a falta de resposta israelita sobre se colaboraria ou não com a votação.
Chappatte, «International Herald Tribune»
Na The Economist escreve-se que com ou sem Mahmoud Abbas os palestinianos continuam sem líder e cada vez mais divididos:
[…] In his resignation speech, Mr Abbas castigated Israel’s government for its obduracy over the settlements, the Americans for letting him down, and the Palestinians’ Islamist movement, Hamas, for refusing to accept the terms of a Palestinian unity government proposed by Egypt. It has been trying for more than a year to bring the two bitterly opposed factions together.
Hamas won the last Palestinian general election, in 2006. A year later, it bloodily ousted Fatah from the Gaza Strip, the smaller chunk of a proposed Palestinian state. Many of Hamas’s West Bank members of parliament are in Israeli prisons. Even if an election took place on schedule, Hamas says it would refuse to take part in present circumstances. Fatah, for its part, would be unable to campaign in Gaza.
So the January timetable is likely, anyway, to slip. June has been mentioned as an alternative. In the meantime, Mr Abbas could stay in charge as a caretaker. Few seem certain of the constitutional laws governing Palestinian electoral and other procedures. In Fatah’s view, they are elastic. But Hamas says, with some cogency, that it has been illegal for Mr Abbas to retain his post as the PA’s president since January this year, when his four-year term should have run out. If no new leader of the PA has been elected within 60 days of the old one stepping down, the parliamentary speaker becomes president until an election is held. That would be awkward, for he is a Hamas man, Aziz Dweik.
So where does that leave the 74-year-old Mr Abbas? Though his opponents, both Israeli and Palestinian, should take much of the blame, the fact is that, as a leader, he has failed. He is a ditherer. He wobbled feebly over whether to endorse a recent controversial report by Richard Goldstone on the Gaza war. Perhaps worst of all, he fluffed a chance, near the end of Ehud Olmert’s Israeli prime ministership earlier this year, to grasp Israel’s best offer so far, albeit privately mooted when Mr Olmert was on his way out. Had Mr Abbas said yes, it might have been hard for a future Israeli government to back out.
Peray, «The Nation»