Uma arma de destruição massiva
As Nações Unidas, esta segunda-feira, afirmaram que um acordo global sobre o ambiente é um factor crucial para combater a fome, algo a que o Presidente do Brasil chamou “a mais devastadora arma de destruição massiva”:
[…] The sense of skepticism deepened at the weekend, when U.S. President Barack Obama and other leaders supported delaying a legally binding climate pact until 2010 or even later, though European negotiators said the move did not imply weaker action.
“Hunger is the most devastating weapon of mass destruction on our planet, it doesn’t kill soldiers, it kills innocent children who are not even one-year old,” Brazil’s President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva told the summit.
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said there could be “no food security without climate security.”
“Next month in Copenhagen, we need a comprehensive agreement that will provide a firm foundation for a legally binding treaty on climate change,” he said.
Africa, Asia and Latin America could see a decline of between 20 and 40 percent in potential agricultural productivity if temperatures rise more than 2 degrees Celsius, the U.N. says.
Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to be the hardest hit from global warming as its agriculture is almost entirely rain-fed.
With the number of hungry people in the world topping 1 billion for the first time, the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization called the summit in the hope leaders would commit to raising the share of official aid spent on agriculture to 17 percent of the total — its 1980 level — from 5 percent now.
That would amount to $44 billion a year against $7.9 billion now. Farmers in rich countries receive $365 billion of support every year