Gazprom vs. Mundo
John Deering, «The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette»
Christian Caryl, na Foreign Policy, escreve sobre a gigante Gazprom, a maior empresa da Rússia e a maior exportadora de gás natural do mundo. Fundada em 1989 e é actualmente controlada pelo estado russo. Caryl escreve que Gazprom inspira algum receio em todos aqueles que suspeitam que a empresa é utilizada pelo Kremlin para fazer o seu “trabalho sujo” na política externa russa, mas as alterações que a economia mundial sofreu nos últimos meses ameaçam retirar a esta compamhia parte do seu protagonismo geopolítico:
[…] One might reasonably object that Gazprom’s fortunes will revive once a global economic recovery spurs renewed demand for energy. Yet some experts argue that something fundamental has changed. “[T]he global gas market has steadily moved from a seller’s to a buyer’s market,” writes analyst Roderick Kefferpütz in a recent report for the Centre for European Studies. The pre-crisis era of high energy prices spurred a worldwide investment boom in expensive liquefied natural gas infrastructure, and in 2009, some experts say, those investments helped create something that didn’t really exist before: a truly global market for natural gas, independent of pipelines.
“Ten years ago no one could suggest that Australia could sell gas to Europe or the United States,” says one analyst at a Western investment bank whose company didn’t authorize him to speak on the record. “Back in 2000, gas was not a globally traded commodity. This is the year that changed.” The trend has also been driven, he says, by an enormous boom in the extraction of natural gas from shale in the United States and Canada. “Gazprom executives call shale gas production a ‘myth,'” the analyst says. “I don’t think they realize how dramatically the gas market has been transformed.” […]