Notas ao café…

Corrupção no Afeganistão

Posted in notas ao café by JN on Janeiro 25, 2010


Chan Lowe, «Sun-Sentinel»

Obter a carta de condução no Afeganistão sem grandes problemas e rapidamente custará cerca de 130 euros. Sair da prisão antes do tempo consegue-se por  42 mil euros. Um relatório da ONU sobre a corrupção no Afeganistão, diz que esta chegou a um nível em que já representa um quarto do produto interno bruto e é o maior problema deste país, algo que já faz parte do dia-a-dia, quase inevitável, e que vai destruindo a confiança dos afegãos no seu governo, como escreve a Der Spiegel:

[…] The study shows just how omnipresent the payment of bribes has become in everyday life in Afghanistan. In the last 12 months, Afghan citizens have paid $2.5 billion in bribes — roughly a quarter of the country’s gross domestic product. “The Afghans say that it is impossible to obtain a public service without paying a bribe,” UNODC Executive Director Antonio Maria Costa writes on the organization’s Web site. The “cancer of corruption” is “metastatic,” he says, and can be found even in the highest echelons of government. Afghans who have had recent contact with government representatives report that, in 40 percent of the cases, they were asked for bribes.

Every second person surveyed reports having bribed someone in the last year — usually after having been requested to do so. The average payment is $158 — a generous sum for a country in which average annual income is a mere $425. According to the report, the most corrupt officials are those allegedly overseeing law and order: Twenty-five percent of those surveyed report having bribed a policeman in 2009, 18 percent a judge and 13 percent a public attorney. “The Afghan people are under the impression that it is cheaper to buy a judge than to hire a lawyer,” the report says.

Such widespread corruption among police and in the judiciary is dangerous, the report says: People lose their trust in the state and look for security elsewhere. Resignation is also spreading. Sixty-three percent believe that filing complaints against corrupt officials is a waste of time. Only 9 percent have even tried. Even village elders have given up and do little to protest against the problem. […]

Numa outra frente e nas vésperas da Conferência em Londres sobre o Afeganistão, o Presidente Karzai tenta o diálogo com os Taliban para um acordo de paz, como se pode ler na Time.


Olle Johansson

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