O fim do SWIFT
Petar Pismestrovic, «Kleine Zeitung»
Apesar de todos os esforços diplomáticos por parte dos EUA, o Parlamento Europeu bloqueou o acordo que vinha já do tempo da presidência de George W. Bush e que permitia ao governo americano ter acesso dos dados bancários europeus. A acção, segundo muitos comentadores, representa uma nova era da política europeia e resulta directamente do Tratado de Lisboa, como escreve a Der Spiegel:
What looked on Thursday like a setback for the war on terrorism — to members of the Obama administration — was cheered in Europe on Friday as a victory for citizens’ rights. The European Parliament moved Thursday to reject a George W. Bush-era agreement that allowed United States authorities to inspect European bank transfers.
Obama officials had lobbied hard to extend the agreement, and both the European Commission and leaders of member states had already approved the treaty; but the European Parliament signalled a new era of confidence and self-assertion by blocking it, arguing that it violated European privacy laws. The unambiguous vote — 378 to 196 — comes against a background of shifting power in the EU.
[…] Until last year, SWIFT kept some of its European data on servers in the US, which made it easier for Americans to eavesdrop. Last year, SWIFT moved the servers that handle its inter-European transfers to European soil, and the US no longer had direct access to the data. This required a renegotiation of the agreement. The EU’s main decision-making body, the Council of the European Union, which is comprised of the leaders of the 27 member states, approved a deal last year to amend the existing treaty and provide time to negotiate a new deal together with the European Parliament before it expires.
However, the interim agreement rankled members of the European Parliament. “The (EU) Council has not been tough enough on data protection,” Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, a representative from the Netherlands and the parliament’s rapporteur on the SWIFT agreement, said Thursday.
Rainer Hachfeld, «Neues Deutschland»