Prisão de ideias
Oguz Gurel (Turquia)
A Time escreve que na actual guerra cultural entre o ocidente e o mundo islâmico poucas batalhas terão originado tanta controvérsia como a que a burqa gera. mais uma se trava, agora na Bélgica; este país poderá vir a ser o primeiro país da Europa a proibir a burqa:
Belgium gave an answer Wednesday when parliamentarians backed a draft law that would ban Muslim women from wearing the burqa in public places. The Justice and Home Affairs Committee voted unanimously to endorse the move, which must now be approved by parliament for it to become law. Such a vote is expected by the end of April, which would make Belgium the first European country to implement a ban. Because of the support for the measure among all the main political parties, it is likely to pass.
[…] Proponents say they’re targeting the burqa not because of its religious symbolism or even because it is widely seen in the West as a sign of male oppression, but rather for safety reasons: they say that people who hide their faces represent a security risk. In that light, the law also seeks to target potentially violent demonstrators who cover their faces, backers say. […]
Yassin Musharbash, na Der Spiegel, escreve que embora a oposição dos Europeus ao véu islâmico seja compreensível, de nada adiantará na resolução dos problemas de integração das comunidades islâmicas na sociedade europeia e apenas irá condenar muitas mulheres a um outro tipo de prisão, a domiciliária:
[I]t makes no sense to ban the burqa and niqab. Such a ban would simply be attacking a symptom while ignoring the real problem. At issue is not the veil that covers the head, but the one that is inside the head.
For any woman who is forced to wear the burqa, a ban will just ensure that she will no longer be able to leave the house. No one is seriously suggesting that it will have an instructional or enlightening affect upon her husband. And it is risky to speculate that she will feel supported by this legislative statement.
[B]ans don’t make these ideals clearer or more palatable, don’t encourage participation, and don’t break down any barriers. They make sense when it comes to concrete actions, like the genital mutilation of young girls or the incitement to violence, neither of which are exclusively Muslim problems.
Those who would like to see the burqa and niqab disappear from Europe’s streets, however, have to look for other solutions. Integration into an open society can only occur through contact and exchange. Compulsory attendance of children in pre-schools would make much more sense, combined with an obligation on the part of both parents to attend parent-teacher evenings. And better to come wearing a burqa than not come at all.
The advantage to these kind of proposals is that they don’t just target women, nor only families in which the woman wears a burqa. Not every woman in a burqa or a niqab feels oppressed. And the prison in which many Muslim women undoubtedly live can also be invisible. It is not made of cloth, but of ideas.