Martin Kozlowski, «INXart.com»
A administração Obama revelou o Nuclear Posture Review (pdf), um documento no qual são apresentadas as situações limite em que os EUA podem usar armas nucleares. Neste fica colocado definitivamente de lado a possibilidade destas serem utilizadas contra países não-nucleares:
[…] Discussing his approach to nuclear security the day before formally releasing his new strategy, Mr. Obama described his policy as part of a broader effort to edge the world toward making nuclear weapons obsolete, and to create incentives for countries to give up any nuclear ambitions. To set an example, the new strategy renounces the development of any new nuclear weapons, overruling the initial position of his own defense secretary.
Mr. Obama’s strategy is a sharp shift from those of his predecessors and seeks to revamp the nation’s nuclear posture for a new age in which rogue states and terrorist organizations are greater threats than traditional powers like Russia and China.
It eliminates much of the ambiguity that has deliberately existed in American nuclear policy since the opening days of the cold war. For the first time, the United States is explicitly committing not to use nuclear weapons against nonnuclear states that are in compliance with the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, even if they attacked the United States with biological or chemical weapons or launched a crippling cyberattack. […]
Eben Harrell, na Time, escreve o que mudou com e o que não mudou com o Nuclear Posture Review de Barack Obama.
Dave Granlund, «Politicalcartoons.com»
Em Praga, Barack Obama e Dmitry Medvedev vão assinar hoje um novo acordo de redução de armamento nuclear que substitui um tratado de 1991, o START, e representa a diminuição de um terço no potencial nuclear de cada país. David H. Hoffman, na Foreign Policy, discute o significado deste novo acordo.
[…] Instead of celebrating this week and breathing a sigh of relief, what we should be doing is getting ready to seize the next big opportunity to reduce the nuclear danger. Russia still looms large. Together, Russia and the United States hold 95 percent of the world’s nuclear weapons. It is vital to move on to the next phase: reducing tactical nuclear weapons, dealing with the large “hedge” of nuclear warheads in reserve, resolving conflict over missile defense, shoring up the weakening global nonproliferation regime, and combating terrorism, among other things. […]
For Obama, who has voiced the dream of a world without nuclear weapons, Prague is just the very first step. Arms control is a tool, but no secret codes or counting rules will make the coming tasks easier. They require heavy lifting.
Paresh Nath, «The Khaleej Times»