Depois de eleições no Afeganistão
Luojie, «China Daily»
Ocorreram eleições no Afeganistão e o mundo, como escreve a The Economist, não demorou muito a aplaudir o resultado das mesmas. No entanto as acusações de fraude eleitoral também não demoraram a surgir.
Aryn Baker, na Time, escreve que o desejo de encontrar uma saída para e do Afeganistão faz com que muitos governos ocidentais ignorem certos factos e que isso pode ser um erro trágico:
Afghanistan should be the exception to the aphorism that democracies get the governments they deserve. Last Saturday, around 4 million Afghans braved bombings, violence, ambushes and threats to cast votes in parliamentary elections marred by a wave of Taliban violence that helped make the turnout the lowest in the four polls staged in Afghanistan since the Taliban’s ouster. But for what did they take those risks and, in a number of cases, sacrifice their lives?
Reports of widespread fraud surfaced even before polling stations closed for the day. […]
Unchecked corruption is an indication of deep-seated pessimism about the future. Long-term investments are too risky when the Taliban are closing in, the Americans are eyeing an exit, and the government itself has given up all pretense of looking out for the people. […]
Afghanistan will continue to be a bleeding ulcer, to paraphrase the saying of former U.S. commander General Stanley McChrystal, who was talking about one of the country’s recent battlegrounds, until we start making the difficult decisions. That does not mean, necessarily, a continuing military engagement or an immediate withdrawal. Nor does it mean ditching President Hamid Karzai because we simply can’t get along with him anymore. We will have to work with him and his government until democracy in Afghanistan is strong enough to allow Afghans a real choice in leadership. Karzai’s critics have long feared that he would intervene in the parliamentary elections to ensure a rubber-stamp legislature. If that turns out to have been the case, it would be a slap in the face to those who risked or gave their lives in support of Afghans’ right to choose their own government. […]
For the past six years — since the election that instituted Karzai as President, rather than interim leader — Afghans have been asked to put their trust in a system of government that has repeatedly failed them. They deserve better. And Western security interests aren’t served by avoiding the difficult choices because a corrupt and self-serving regime is hardly likely to prevail against extremists.