A próxima Cimeira do G20
Lee Myung-bak, Presidente da Coreia do Sul, país que é anfitrião da próxima Cimeira do G20, assina um artigo de opinião no Washington Post. Neste, e como é habitual nesta cimeira, o Presidente faz um apelo para que os países mais ricos não esqueçam os mais pobres enquanto tentam colocar em ordem a economia global. Para o Sr. Myung-bak a eliminação da pobreza está no crescimento económico; a necessidade de ajuda não deve ser subestimada, mas é necessário uma mudança na filosofia do auxílio prestado, com uma nova ênfase no investimento do futuro destes países especialmente em infraestruturas básicas, capital humano e capacidade produtiva:
[…] We are determined to create a long-term G-20 agenda to help the poorest nations, reflecting the G-20’s comparative advantage as an economic forum including donors, recipients and high-growth emerging economies. Such a step can only enhance the G-20’s legitimacy. Though it represents 85 percent of global gross domestic product and two-thirds of the world’s population, the G-20 must not forget the 173 U.N. member countries and the remaining third of the world’s population not represented in Seoul. It has been agreed, for example, that two African countries, in addition to South Africa, will attend future G-20 summits. […]
[W]e recognize that developing countries must choose their own priorities for the future – infrastructure, quality of human capital for jobs, private investment. Having chosen the hard path itself, Korea could not choose the easy road for the Seoul Summit – picking one isolated development issue, creating a flashy new donor fund, moving on after the photo opportunity. The development path we have chosen embraces complexity and hard choices.
We have worked with the United Nations, the World Bank, regional development banks and other agencies to build several pillars in a new development consensus complementing the successful initiatives of many players, focusing on building infrastructure – especially power, roads, water, communications – and on teaching skills for new jobs. In addition, the new consensus emphasizes building capacity and access to trade, private investment, access to finance for small companies, food security, and improved collection of domestic tax revenue.
This new consensus will be based on a multi-year action plan, recognizing that the right initiatives take time, and on accountability and deadlines. It will emphasize a partnership with low-income countries, understanding that there is more than one recipe for progress. For if we forget the challenge of achieving growth in the world’s poorest countries, we will fail on everything that really matters.
“Ark at the peak”