Haiti, um ano depois
Adam Zyglis, «The Buffalo News»
Um ano depois do terremoto que devastou o Haiti, o país continua praticamente nas mesmas condições. Os muitos milhões prometidos em ajuda internacional parecem que apenas transformaram este país num paciente que espera longamente por ajuda e a reconstrução do Haiti nem se pode dizer que tenha realmente sido iniciada; apenas 5 por cento dos destroços foram removidos. Toda a ajuda parece ter falhado, politicamente o país continua parado e as condições sociais agravam-se todos os dias, como escreve a Der Spiegel:
[…] There is more theft and kidnapping now because many Haitians believe that donations from the United States and Europe have made a few locals into millionaires, and that these people are living in Pétionville’s villas. There are also more instances of rape, with armed and masked men attacking women and girls in the overcrowded tent camps at night. […]
Indeed, the police station in Pétionville is short on everything. […] Each week, officers receive four rounds of ammunition — and not a bullet more. Those who want to feel more secure have to buy their own. […]
The Haitian state, it would seem, abandoned the task of governing on Jan. 12, 2010. […] Relief organizations have, since then, largely filled the void — Haiti has become a republic of NGOs.
Streets all over Port-au-Prince are still strewn with rubble. At least a million people still live in tent camps, on the city’s public squares, on the Champ de Mars as well as in Carrefour and Mariani, two areas closer to the sea. Images of the homeless have become normality — the world has gotten used to a stricken Haiti. […]
The political problems are not insignificant. First, the presidential election scheduled for January 16 has now been delayed until at least late February due to irregularities. Second, the term of the current president, René Préval, ends on February 7. Likewise, there are still no official final results from a contentious first round of voting this past November. And, finally, it’s unclear which leader the international community should support. […]
Nate Beeler, «The Washington Examiner»
Na Time, Romesh Ratnesar, aponta as causas para o insucesso do auxílio a este país:
[…] What went wrong? How did such a huge outpouring of foreign assistance — donor countries have pledged some $11 billion — manage to accomplish so little? Observers affixing blame for Haiti’s failures tend to fall into one of two camps: those who point fingers at the armies of foreign NGOs working in Haiti; and those who fault the Haitians themselves. In that respect, the Haitian tragedy reflects a broader debate in foreign policy circles about the relationship between aid and development. […]
For the anti-NGO camp, Haiti is a case study in the hypocrisy of the global relief bandwagon that descends on poor countries victimized by wars, famine and natural disasters. A growing chorus of critics accuses humanitarian-aid groups of using misery to validate their existence, spending funds inefficiently and creating a culture of dependence among the people they are supposed to help.
All of those problems have played out in Haiti. Only around 10% of the funds committed to Haiti’s recovery have actually been spent there. Aid contracts intended to provide work for Haitians have benefited foreign companies instead. […] Even before the quake, Haiti was home to more foreign aid workers than any other country on earth — and yet the presence of 12,000 NGOs failed to prevent a cholera epidemic that medical experts believe should never have broken out. […]
Angel Boligan, «El Universal»