Notas ao café…

Mubarak sai

Posted in notas ao café by JN on Fevereiro 11, 2011

Patrick Corrigan, «The Toronto Star»

Depois de ter ido à televisão afirmar que não iria demitir-se, o que provocou de imediato uma enorme onda de protestos nas ruas, Hosni Mubarak finalmente percebeu que a situação era insustentável e renunciou, nesta sexta-feira, ao cargo, de acordo com o vice-presidente, Omar Suleiman. Os poderes presidenciais vão agora ser assumidos pelo Conselho das Forças Armadas, liderado pelo ministro da Defesa, Mohamed Hussein Tantawi.

Imediatamente após o anúncio do Sr. Suleiman, transmitido pela TV estatal, centenas de milhares de manifestantes presentes na Praça Tahrir, no centro do Cairo, explodiram em celebrações. O clima era de “vitória” nos bairros do Cairo. Um dos expoentes da oposição, Mohamed ElBaradei, ex-chefe da Agência Atómica da ONU, disse que sentiu “alegria e euforia” porque, “após anos de repressão, o Egipto finalmente foi libertado e colocou-se no caminho para um país de democracia e justiça social”.

Questionado sobre a cúpula militar que está no poder no país, ElBaradei disse esperar que as chefias militares “dividam o poder com os civis durante o período de transição”.

RJ Matson, «The St. Louis Post-Dispatch»

Amy Davidson, na New Yorker, escreve:

Who is president of Egypt? Not Hosni Mubarak, as of a few minutes ago. His speech last night had not done whatever work it was supposed to do—assuming it even resembled the speech that was planned. […] But all that was beside the point: people didn’t want Mubarak as a powerless figurehead; they didn’t want him at all.

Why weren’t the protesters satisfied with that—with letting Mubarak be the pretend president, while someone else had the actual power? Why the final, decisive push this morning? Maybe it’s not just that he was a symbol, or that it wasn’t quite what they had demanded. It was that they were being asked, once again, to live a lie, and to be complicit in it. They didn’t want to take part in yet another act in the theatre of the absurd; they wanted things to be called, for once, what they really were—for words, even the word “president,” to mean something. Mubarak talked, in his speech, about his “dignity”; Egyptians were no longer willing to sacrifice theirs.

[…] If someone who isn’t president was acting as president, what would that say about the rule of law? How would they even know that Suleiman, rather than some generals, were the ones making the decisions? That would move them farther from the goal of accountability, not closer. Why turn the presidency into a sham institution at precisely the moment when they wanted democratic institutions to have meaning? […]

No The Guardian, Haroon Siddique refere alguns pormenores curiosos:

[…] Mubarak picked an auspicious date to resign. On this day 32 years ago the Iranian revolution took place when the Shah’s forces were overwhelmed. And 21 years ago today Nelson Mandela was freed by the apartheid regime in South Africa. […]

Nate Beeler, «The Washington Examiner»

Sobre a transição de poder, David Rothkopf escreve:

[…] And while the drama unfolding in Egypt today is profound and powerful, it clearly marks the end of only the first scene of the first act of what will be a long twisting drama. Many questions hang in the air about what comes next. What will the transition look like? Will the Army truly allow the emergence of a pluralistic, representative model government? Will the interim government have the savvy to present such a road map early enough to placate activists? Will the process be transparent enough? Will international observers be invited to monitor elections? Will real democracy be supported by broader changes than just in election laws?

These and thousands of other questions swirl around like the flags and cheers in the square and across Cairo. But one thing is certain: A change of this magnitude in the most populous nation in the Arab world is a devastating blow to the status quo. And given the nature of the Middle East, the troubles that have dogged the region’s people for decades, and the degree of complicity their leaders have had in creating and exacerbating those troubles, that alone is something for people around the world to celebrate. […]

Quanto ao futuro incerto do Egipto, Spencer Ackerman apenas escreve:

[…] Despite the joy, Egypt is now under military control. Suleiman announced the new political situation, which suggests — no one knows yet — that he believes he has its support to remain in power, something that the protesters absolutely refuse. The U.S. military believes that it can work with its longtime Egyptian military partner, but no one knows what will happen next.

But Issandr El Amrani, the premiere blogger covering the uprisings, tweets: “Enjoy tonight and leave worrying about the army and the transition till tomorrow.

Dario Castillejos, «Dario La Crisis»


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