Dignidade na derrota
No New York Times, Bill Keller lembra dois líderes mundiais do século XX, aos quais ele chama os dois maiores “derrotados” do século passado, que deixaram o poder de uma forma digna e cuja derrota foi ao mesmo tempo uma vitória para os seus países; estes dois derrotados são Mikhail Gorbachev que perdeu a Rússia e todas as suas “colónias” e F. W. de Klerk que perdeu o país mais rico de África:
[…] What Gorbachev and de Klerk did was not always pretty, and neither man is much celebrated in his own country these days. But each relinquished the power of an abusive elite without subjecting his country to a civil bloodbath. Afterward, they did not flee to the comfort of Swiss bank accounts. On the contrary, they managed a feat that is almost unthinkable in most of today’s erupting autocracies: after succumbing to democracy, they contributed to its legitimacy by becoming candidates for high office — and losing, fair and square. De Klerk, the last white president of a South Africa that oppressed blacks for centuries, actually pressed the flesh and pleaded for votes in black townships, professing a kind of civic kinship I think he genuinely felt. De Klerk and Gorbachev were triumphant partners in their own defeats, and thus in their countries’ victories.
Angel Boligan, «El Universal»